QPromise::then

Since: 0.1.0

QPromise<T>::then(Function onFulfilled, Function onRejected) -> QPromise<R>
QPromise<T>::then(Function onFulfilled) -> QPromise<R>

See Promises/A+ .then for details.

QPromise<int> input = ...
auto output = input.then([](int res) {
    // called with the 'input' result if fulfilled
}, [](const ReasonType& reason) {
    // called with the 'input' reason if rejected
    // see QPromise<T>::fail for details
});

NOTE

onRejected handler is optional, in which case output will be rejected with the same reason as input. Also note that it's recommended to use the fail shorthand to handle errors.

The type <R> of the output promise depends on the return type of the onFulfilled handler:

QPromise<int> input = {...}
auto output = input.then([](int res) {
    return QString::number(res);    // -> QPromise<QString>
});

// output type: QPromise<QString>
output.then([](const QString& res) {
    // {...}
});

NOTE

Only onFulfilled can change the promise type, onRejected must return the same type as onFulfilled. That also means if onFulfilled is nullptr, onRejected must return the same type as the input promise.

QPromise<int> input = ...
auto output = input.then([](int res) {
    return res + 4;
}, [](const ReasonType& reason) {
    return -1;
});

If onFulfilled doesn't return any value, the output type is QPromise<void>:

QPromise<int> input = ...
auto output = input.then([](int res) {
    // {...}
});

// output type: QPromise<void>
output.then([]() {
    // `QPromise<void>` `onFulfilled` handler has no argument
});

You can also decide to skip the promise result by omitting the handler argument:

QPromise<int> input = {...}
auto output = input.then([]( /* skip int result */ ) {
    // {...}
});

The output promise can be rejected by throwing an exception in either onFulfilled or onRejected:

QPromise<int> input = {...}
auto output = input.then([](int res) {
    if (res == -1) {
        throw ReasonType();
    } else {
        return res;
    }
});

// output.isRejected() is true

If an handler returns a promise (or QFuture), the output promise is delayed and will be resolved by the returned promise.

Last Updated: 3/1/2019, 4:41:32 PM